capybara halten österreich


By Sharon Omondi on July 26 2019 in Environment. The capybara is the sole member of the family Hydrochoeridae. The two rodents are an exception in the rodents’ family since most of them are nocturnal. Hand-reared capybaras are typically quite tame, but if you are getting an adult capybara as a pet, you will have to be patient until it warms up to you. [36] The lifespan of the capybara's sperm is longer than that of other rodents. The studbook includes information about all births, deaths and movements of capybaras, as well as how they are related. [42] There is widespread perception in Venezuela that consumption of capybaras is exclusive to rural people. [28] During mating, the female has the advantage and mating choice. [9][10] This is largely due to the recognition that capybara molar teeth show strong variation in shape over the life of an individual. (27 to 79 kilograms), depending on gender. [7] They also spend time wallowing in mud. Capys have sharp and long teeth that are suitable for grazing ongrass. [25] The capybara's jaw hinge is not perpendicular, so they chew food by grinding back-and-forth rather than side-to-side. Capybaras are not prone to biting humans. Just like they are fast runners on land, the Capybaras are also excellent swimmers. It is a highly social species and can be found in groups as large as 100 individuals, but usually lives in groups of 10–20 individuals. Sinken die Temperaturen unter 15 °C, ist eine Außenhaltung nicht mehr möglich. They also inhabit in grassy areas as well as rainforests where they take over certain areas in herds. The word has three parts. [18] They rest around midnight and then continue to graze before dawn. Capy’s collaboration with Ian Jones-Quartey, Toby Jones & Cartoon Network Games is headed your way shortly! [39], The European Association of Zoos and Aquaria asked Drusillas Park in Alfriston, Sussex, England to keep the studbook for capybaras, to monitor captive populations in Europe. [34], Capybaras have two types of scent glands; a morrillo, located on the snout, and anal glands. Capybara Behavior and Temperament . The living capybaras and their extinct relatives were previously classified in their own family Hydrochoeridae. However, a difference between the two is that guinea pigs are not as agile as the capybaras. For the days when the temperatures are very high, the Capybaras will keep wallowing in the waters to stay cool. They can reach up to 1.4 meters long and weigh 75 kg, making them the largest rodents in the world. OK folks, 2017 is all but done, so it’s time for us to make our annual list. The capybara (Hydrochaeris hydrochaeris) is a semiaquatic animal resembling a giant guinea pig. Capybaras are large, semi-aquatic rodents found in water-logged regions of South and Central America. [19] The capybara is also the preferred prey of the green anaconda. The parts are “kaá” meaning “leaf,” “píi” referring to “slender,” and “ú” denoting “eat.” The three portions of the word “ka'apiûara” end in the suffix “ara” which is an agent suffix. Capybara's "sister" band, Saharan Gazelle Boy, will be playing their first show in four years tomorrow MAY 4th at ERNIE BIGGS in Westport, Kansas City, at 9:30PM. [20] Capybara have flourished in cattle ranches. The scientific name, both hydrochoerus and hydrochaeris, comes from Greek ὕδωρ (hydro "water") and χοῖρος (choiros "pig, hog"). [11] The fossil genera Cardiatherium, Phugatherium, Hydrochoeropsis, and Neochoerus are all capybaras under that concept. [31], Capybaras are known to be gregarious. Capys are found east of the Andes on Central and South American riverbanks, beside ponds, and in marshes or wherever standing water is available. More events, music and photos coming soon! The feet enable them to wade in the water and keep their balance. Kapybara muistuttaa ulkonäöltään suurta marsua, jolle se onkin läheistä sukua.Kapybaralla on raskas ja tynnyrimäinen ruumiinrakenne sekä lyhyt pää. by Warren Nunn It’s an animal to which many other creatures (and not just its predators) are attracted. Capybara Classification. The diet of a capybara majorly constitutes aquatic plants, grass, and fruit and tree bark. Salt-cured capybara is consumed during Lent in Venezuela, where the popularity of … [4] Capybaras were called several times "Cuartins" in Colombia in 2018: in Eje Cafetero (Alcalà) and near Barranquilla where the meat was offered as "Cuartin Asado". Capybara definition, a South American tailless rodent, Hydrochaeris hydrochaeris, living along the banks of rivers and lakes, having partly webbed feet: the largest living rodent. On the other hand, the guard hair protects the skin from external factors such as the sun’s ultraviolet rays. [35] Both sexes have these glands, but males have much larger morrillos and use their anal glands more frequently. [45], In Japan, following the lead of Izu Shaboten Park in 1982,[46] multiple establishments or zoos in Japan that raise capybaras have adopted the practice of having them relax in onsen during the winter. They’re related to South American rodents such as Guinea pigs and Chinchillas. Capybaras are not considered a threatened species;[1] their population is stable throughout most of their South American range, though in some areas hunting has reduced their numbers. [27] Capybaras are autocoprophagous, meaning they eat their own feces as a source of bacterial gut flora, to help digest the cellulose in the grass that forms their normal diet, and to extract the maximum protein and vitamins from their food. [36] The larger the group, the harder it is for the male to watch all the females. Its sweat glands can be found in the surface of the hairy portions of its skin, an unusual trait among rodents. Only a few males live alone. Capybara (Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris) is a semi-aquatic rodent of South America.It weighs about a hundred pounds, and is about two feet tall at the shoulder. The capybaras are the largest rodents amongst all rodents in the world. They are seen as an attraction by Japanese people. Within a week, the young can eat grass, but continue to suckle—from any female in the group—until weaned around 16 weeks. Feeling right at home. They eat a greater variety of plants during the dry season, as fewer plants are available. They usually live in swamps, rivers and lakes. While they eat grass during the wet season, they have to switch to more abundant reeds during the dry season. Od Panamy až po ústí La Platy u Buenos Aires v Argentině, východně od And. capybara definition: 1. a South American animal that looks like a large guinea pig, or the meat of this animal that is…. [7] The animal lacks down hair, and its guard hair differs little from over hair.[12]. They need to swim year round in warm water. [46] Capybaras became big in Japan due to the popular cartoon character Kapibara-san. Capybaras can sleep in water, keeping only their noses out of the water. Consequently, they establish dominance, group consensus, and social bonds. [28][33] Dominant males are highly protective of the females, but they usually cannot prevent some of the subordinates from copulating. They are excellent swimmers, and can remain completely submerged for up to five minutes,[14] an ability they use to evade predators. The close relation between the capybaras and the guinea pig is due to the many similarities between them. Closely related to other South American rodents such as Chinchillas and Guinea Pigs, the Capybara is the largest rodent in the world weighing up to 75kg and measuring nearly 1.4 meters long. This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about capybara across 23 in-depth pages. The capybara (Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris) is the lairgest rodent in the warld, follaed bi the beaver, porcupine, an mara.. References [40], Capybaras are farmed for meat and skins in South America. Before you go ahead and adopt a capybara, please reconsider your choices. [37], Capybara gestation is 130–150 days, and produces a litter of four capybaras young on average, but may produce between one and eight in a single litter. They roam the swampy, grassy regions bordering rivers, ponds, streams… D'Capybara oder Waasserschwäin (Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris) ass eng Mamendéierenaart aus der Famill vun de Mierschwéngercher (Caviidae). It is a clean and friendly animal, providing that a number of important rules are met. However, if they feel threatened or provoked, they will use their giant teeth to defend themselves and may bite. [5][6], The capybara and the lesser capybara belong to the subfamily Hydrochoerinae along with the rock cavies. Nimi kapybara on peräisin muinaistupin kielen sanasta ka'apiûara, joka tarkoittaa "ruohonsyöjää".. Koko ja ulkonäkö. [7], Many escapees from captivity can also be found in similar watery habitats around the world. Beachten Sie, dass ein Capybara den Sommer im Freien verbringen kann. They never get annoyed by their mischief. In fact, it is the largest rodent in the whole world. Capibara este cea mai mare specie de rozătoare din lume, poate atinge o greutate de până la 50 de Kg. Whether it’s in the water, or out of it eating grass—or even just lazing around—they want to be on its back, at its side, or close by it. Capybara hair is not enough to cover their whole body which about 1.2 meters long and 0.6 meters wide. However, this was not even the first ever held. They also have vestigial tails. [2] Also called capivara (in Brazil), chigüire, chigüiro, or fercho (in Colombia and Venezuela), carpincho (in Argentina, Paraguay and Uruguay) and ronsoco (in Peru), it is a member of the genus Hydrochoerus, of which the only other extant member is the lesser capybara (Hydrochoerus isthmius). The capybara inhabits savannas and dense forests and lives near bodies of water. Capybara supports Selenium 3.5+ (Webdriver).In order to use Selenium, you'll need to install the selenium-webdriver gem, and add it to your Gemfile if you're using bundler.. Capybara pre-registers a number of named drivers that use Selenium - … They can stay submerged in water for about five minutes. [7] They roam in home ranges averaging 10 hectares (25 acres) in high-density populations. Capybara Merchhttp://vardise.com/crazycodyHelp Support my Channel by becoming a Patron https://www.patreon.com/CrazyCody NEED MORE!?!?! [9] Females mark more often during the wet season when they are in estrus. Water pig. Therefore the word capybara means the “one who eats slender leaves” or “grass-eater.” The name outlines its herbivorous nature. No matter how farther away from home they go in search of food, the capybaras always return home. Capybara. The young form a group within the main group. Capybaras are found in many areas of Central and South America where a permanent source of freshwater is available. [29], They can have a lifespan of 8–10 years,[30] but live less than four years in the wild due to predation from jaguars, pumas, ocelots, eagles, and caimans. While they sometimes live solitarily, they are more commonly found in groups of around 10–20 individuals, with two to four adult males, four to seven adult females, and the remainder juveniles. Capybaras mate only in water, and if a female does not want to mate with a certain male, she either submerges or leaves the water. [23], Capybaras are herbivores, grazing mainly on grasses and aquatic plants,[14][24] as well as fruit and tree bark. [32] Capybara groups can consist of as many as 50 or 100 individuals during the dry season[28][33] when the animals gather around available water sources. [7] Birth is on land and the female rejoins the group within a few hours of delivering the newborn capybaras, which join the group as soon as they are mobile. Furthermore, they offer protection to the groups by watching over them and warning them in case of danger. Capybaras are the world’s largest rodents. They have three toes on their rear feet, and four toes on their front feet. Capybaras have partially webbed feet, which help to propel them through the water or swampy areas. Capybara Worksheets. In addition to objects, males also scent-mark females. During dry season however, grasses and water plants dries up w… [48], Species of giant rodent in the cavy family, This article is about the animal. [19] Capybaras are docile and usually allow humans to pet and hand-feed them, but physical contact is normally discouraged, as their ticks can be vectors to Rocky Mountain spotted fever. [7] In parts of South America, especially in Venezuela, capybara meat is popular during Lent and Holy Week as the Catholic Church previously issued special dispensation to allow it to be eaten while other meats are generally forbidden. Capybara definition is - a tailless semiaquatic South and Central American rodent (Hydrochaerus hydrochaeris) often exceeding four feet (1.2 meters) in length. The anal glands of males are also lined with detachable hairs. [27], Like its relative the guinea pig, the capybara does not have the capacity to synthesize vitamin C, and capybaras not supplemented with vitamin C in captivity have been reported to develop gum disease as a sign of scurvy. The hairs have a coating of scent on them released when they come into contact with objects such as plants. How Big Are Capybaras? It’s the world’s biggest rodent, the capybara, which can weigh up to 66 kg (145 pounds).1 Europeans first described it as a water hog—because it swam and looked like a pig—hence the scientifi… In the northern parts, they are available in Uruguay and Argentina. Žije ve vodním prostředí všude tam, kde ještě nebyla vyhubena.Západně od And je rozšířena až po zalesněné oblasti Chocó v Kolumbii.Obrovský areál, větší než Evropa, však není osídlen stejnoměrně. Capybaras are quite large, standing approximately two feet tall at the shoulder. For males, the anal glands have detachable hairs attached to them. [7] Their hind legs are slightly longer than their forelegs; they have three toes on their rear feet and four toes on their front feet. Look familiar? [36] In addition, a female alerts males she is in estrus by whistling through her nose. Regarding their size, however, the capybara is bigger than the guinea pig. They may also regurgitate food to masticate again, similar to cud-chewing by cattle. Its close relatives include guinea pigs and rock cavies, and it is more distantly related to the agouti, the chinchilla, and the coypu. [19] Alloparenting has been observed in this species. In order to protect their skin from the sun’s heat, they seek cover in water or mud. Capybaras and the hot springs of Japan go together very well. The capybara (Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris) is a giant cavy rodent native to South America.It is the largest living rodent in the world. What is capybarasarerodents and aside from hippos, they also share some common features withporcupines, mice and squirrels. First and foremost, in some places, it is illegal to keep them as pets. [7] Capybaras have slightly webbed feet and vestigial tails. [citation needed], Although it is illegal in some states,[43] capybaras are occasionally kept as pets in the United States. During the dry seasons, the Capybaras gather around sources of water in groups of 50 or 100. The capybaras have two types of scents: the morillo and the anal glands. The name "capybara" comes from a Tupi word called "ka'apiûara." [17] The dental formula is 1.0.1.31.0.1.3. The capybara can be tamed. ), the capybara takes the title of worlds largest rodent. It will be a grand old time, so come say hello since we haven't seen you guys in so long. They also use their webbed feet to puddle in the soft, muddy ground. Then they can go grazing. Ideally, the capybara habitat should have a swimming area that is as large as possible to give the animal enough spa… So well, in fact, that the country recently organized a capybara bathing competition. [11] The taxonomy of fossil hydrochoerines is also in a state of flux. In some areas, they are farmed, which has the effect of ensuring the wetland habitats are protected. Capybaras hop because their forelegs are slightly shorter than the hind legs. These names come from the fact that other animals love to sit on capybaras. Capybaras are also semi-aquatic. Capybaras are in the same family as guinea pigs, and are the biggest rodents in the world. Troops containing up to 20 animals live along riverbanks where young capybaras are sometimes preyed on by caimans. The capybara is not a threatened species, but it is hunted for its meat and hide and also for grease from its thick fatty skin.[3]. At the time, the game related to a watermelon speed eating competition. They depend on their excellent sense of smell to trace their steps; a process called scent making. Consequently, they will always balance on their hind legs. [44], The image of a capybara features on the 2-peso coin of Uruguay. The feet of a capybara are slightly webbed. Capybara, (Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris), also called carpincho or water hog, the largest living rodent, a semiaquatic mammal of Central and South America. Africa has hippos, and the Americas have capybaras! The down hair usually is responsible for thermal regulation. Both animals belong to the family called “Caviidae” in the order “Rodentia.” As such, both the guinea pig and capybara are rodents. See the section on adding and configuring drivers. One of the most well – known feature is theirfront teeth. Their survival is aided by their ability to breed rapidly. Capybaras are grazers and prefer a large, enclosed yard that is safe and has plenty of grass for them to nibble on. These areas are reported to be adequately occupied by capybaras all the year ro… Therefore, as the capybara moves around feeding on varieties of plants, it marks every plant along the way with its scent. It resembles the cavy and guinea pig of the family Caviidae. Such animals include birds, other capybaras, and monkeys. [13][14][15] Females are slightly heavier than males. The males bark like dogs whenever they sense threat nearby. lesser capybara (Hydrochoerus isthmius) Translations Petting a capybara at the Explorama lodge on the Napo River off the Amazon in Peru. As a result, they are susceptible to sunburns. Capybaras can spread their scent further by urinating; however, females usually mark without urinating and scent-mark less frequently than males overall. The name "capybara" comes from a Tupi word called "ka'apiûara." [26] Plants that capybaras eat during the summer lose their nutritional value in the winter, so they are not consumed at that time. Another capybara competition took place in 2016. [18] Their muzzles are blunt, with nostrils, and the eyes and ears are near the top of their heads. The groups consist of males, females, and juveniles. [33] Breeding peaks between April and May in Venezuela and between October and November in Mato Grosso, Brazil.[7]. They tend to weigh 60 to 174 lbs. For the video game developer, see, 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-2.RLTS.T10300A22190005.en, The Complete Work of Charles Darwin Online, "Phylogenetic Relationships, Ecological Correlates, and Molecular Evolution Within the Cavioidea (Mammalia, Rodentia)", "Capybaras, size, shape, and time: A model kit", 10.1671/0272-4634(2007)27[683:oadoto]2.0.co;2, "A new capybara from the late Miocene of San Juan Province, Argentina, and its phylogenetic implications", "The Cabybara – 10 Facts About the World's Largest Rodent", "Relationship between body mass and body length in capybaras (, "Capybara – Description, Habitat, Image, Diet, and Interesting Facts", "A Late Pleistocene capybara (Rodentia, Caviidae, Hydrochoerinae) from near Houston, Texas, USA, with a brief review of North American fossil capybaras", "A gnawing question answered: It's a capybara roaming Paso Robles", Capybara, the master of the grasses: pest or prey, "Habitats, population densities, and social structure of capybaras (, Trip to South America gives new meaning to outdoors life, "Febre maculosa: "Os médicos no Brasil não conhecem a doença", "In Days Before Easter, Venezuelans Tuck Into Rodent-Related Delicacy", "Izu Shaboten Animal Park (Ito) – 2018 All You Need to Know Before You Go (with Photos) – TripAdvisor", "Brazilian borreliosis with special emphasis on humans and horses", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Capybara&oldid=996274587, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from January 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2020, Taxonbars with automatically added original combinations, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, In page 57, Darwin says "The largest gnawing animal in the world, the, This page was last edited on 25 December 2020, at 15:49. Animalul este hrana preferată a șerpilor uriași, Anaconda, a caimanilor și jaguarilor.Capibara este un animal sociabil, care trăiește în grupuri de 10-30 indivizi. They may eat one species of plants in the dry season and abandon it during the wet season when there’s plenty of grass. They are superb swimmers and can hold their breath underwater for up to five minutes at a time. Its karyotype has 2n = 66 and FN = 102. Females are usually a little larger than males. The “living chairs” and “nature’s ottoman” are other names used to refer to the capybaras. [clarification needed][33] They can make dog-like barks[28] when threatened or when females are herding young. See more. In each group, one will find 4-7 adult females, 2-4 adult males, and some juveniles. Zesumme mam Panama-Capybara (Hydrochoerus isthmius) bilt et d'Gattung Hydrochoerus.Et ass dat gréisst Knabberdéier dat haut lieft.. D'Capybara wunnt a fiichte Regioune vu Südamerika an ass vum Kierperbau hier optimal u seng Liewensweis, déi sech … As a result, the Capybaras can easily evade predators by hiding under water. Its common name is derived from Tupi ka'apiûara, a complex agglutination of kaá (leaf) + píi (slender) + ú (eat) + ara (a suffix for agent nouns), meaning "one who eats slender leaves", or "grass-eater". The Capybara is a large, semi-aquatic rodent that is found inhabiting the water-logged regions of Central and South America. Also, both animals are also excellent swimmers and hoppers. Adult capybaras grow to 106 to 134 cm (3.48 to 4.40 ft) in length, stand 50 to 62 cm (20 to 24 in) tall at the withers, and typically weigh 35 to 66 kg (77 to 146 lb), with an average in the Venezuelan llanos of 48.9 kg (108 lb). Therefore, the lack of these two hairs makes it difficult for the capybaras to avoid sunburns. It is found in Panama, east of the Canal Zone, and on the eastern side of the Andes Mountains in South America, the species ranging from Colombia and the Guianas to Uruguay and northeastern Argentina. Este un animal blând, care trăiește în zonele de vegetație abundentă de lângă apă. Firstly, you must bear in mind that capybaras live in packs. The largest of all the 1,729 rodent species, the semi-aquatic capybara is extremely agile in the water, using its partly webbed toes like tiny paddles. [35], When in estrus, the female's scent changes subtly and nearby males begin pursuit. Similar to a hippopotamus, the capybara’s eyes, nose, and ears are located on the top of its head, allowing it to peek above the surface for a breath of air and a quick check for predators while the bulk of its body remains hidden beneath the water. There is no shortage of reasons why capybaras are one of the most beloved members of the animal kingdom - we will outline some of them below. Like all rodents, capybaras have teeth that constantly grow so they need to chew on plant material to keep their teeth worn down. [19] They live in densely forested areas near bodies of water, such as lakes, rivers, swamps, ponds, and marshes,[14] as well as flooded savannah and along rivers in the tropical rainforest. Males establish social bonds, dominance, or general group consensus. The top recorded weights are 91 kg (201 lb) for a wild female from Brazil and 73.5 kg (162 lb) for a wild male from Uruguay. At about 50 cm (1.5 ft.) tall at the shoulder, 130 cm (4 ft.) in length, and 35-70 kg (75-150 lb. They are very sociable and as such loved by many animals - it is not abnormal to see the capybaras resting alongside the crocodile! Although sometimes they live solitarily, the Capybaras mostly live in groups of 10-20. [7][16] Also, an 81 kg individual was reported in São Paulo in 2001 or 2002. In addition, capybaras lack the down hair and ground hair. In recent years, the diversity of fossil hydrochoerines has been substantially reduced. Capybaras inhabit Central and South America and can be found ingrassy regions, swamps, lakes and near streaming water. Capybaras are a friendly animal allowing animals to play around it as much as they like. [47], Brazilian Lyme-like borreliosis likely involves capybaras as reservoirs and Amblyomma and Rhipicephalus ticks as vectors. [21] These escaped populations occur in areas where prehistoric capybaras inhabited; late Pleistocene capybaras inhabited Florida[22] and Hydrochoerus gaylordi in Grenada. What is it? The winner of the watermelon contest was a capybara from the Nagasaki Park. These are ready-to-use Capybara worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the capybara which is a mammal native to South America. Capybaras are from about 39 to 51 inches (100 to 130 centimeters) long and about 20 inches (50 cm) tall from foot to shoulder. Besides their being sociable, the capybaras also have a heavy, barrel-shaped body that enables it to carry other animals. The capybara’s fur helps to retain heat and dries quickly after it leaves the water. [41] The meat is considered unsuitable to eat in some areas, while in other areas it is considered an important source of protein. The capybara is the world's largest rodent.. Capybaras are closely related to guinea pigs and to chinchillas.When they are full-grown, they weigh about 55 kg, or 100 pounds. A breeding population now occurs in Trinidad. Despite their enormous size though, these mammals have adapted well to life in the water and have a number of dist… They wait until late in the afternoon or the evenings when the temperatures decrease. Capybaras scent-mark by rubbing their morrillos on objects, or by walking over scrub and marking it with their anal glands. Sightings are fairly common in Florida, although a breeding population has not yet been confirmed. Their front feet have four toes while the rear ones have three toes only. The word has three parts. The competition had four animal parks participating. [28] As is the case with other rodents, the front teeth of capybaras grow continually to compensate for the constant wear from eating grasses;[19] their cheek teeth also grow continuously. As temperatures increase during the day, they wallow in water and then graze during the late afternoon and early evening. These hairs have a longer-lasting scent mark and are tasted by other capybaras. Selenium. Capybara is a funk rock band based in Traverse City, Michigan. So, to get back home the capybara just follows the smell of its path. The capybara has a heavy, barrel-shaped body and short head, with reddish-brown fur on the upper part of its body that turns yellowish-brown underneath. Learn more. Check out the new gameplay trailer and play it with your own fingers on January 23rd for PlayStation 4, Xbox One & Steam.. 22.12.17 CAPY’S GAMES OF THE YEAR 2017. They can also sleep in water while keeping their noses above the water. Derived terms . Due to its dry skin, a capy requires a swimming hole as part of its lifestyle to stay healthy. [7] Since 2002, molecular phylogenetic studies have recognized a close relationship between Hydrochoerus and Kerodon, the rock cavies,[8] supporting placement of both genera in a subfamily of Caviidae.[5]. They have tan to brown dense fur, small ears, and a block-shaped head. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com, The Cabybara – 10 Facts About the World's Largest Rodent, Titanoboa Facts: Extinct Animals of the World. Dominant males secure significantly more matings than each subordinate, but subordinate males, as a class, are responsible for more matings than each dominant male.

Sausalitos Wolfsburg Telefonnummer, Abifahrt Steuerlich Absetzbar, Besuchszeiten Katharinenhospital Stuttgart, Philprom Eisenacher Email, Vitalhotel Wolfgangsee Corona,

Dieser Beitrag wurde unter Uncategorized veröffentlicht. Setze ein Lesezeichen auf den Permalink.